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Completing Classic and Molecular Genetics on Khan Academy: Wings Sprint #1

This week for my Wings sprint I focused on genetics. I had lots of ideas of how I could learn more, but the one most available to me and the most fun seems to be Khan Academy; at least so far. I learned a lot this week! Here is all that I learned from different lessons. The paragraphs in quotes are what I put in the description of the card until I figured I wanted to explain things in detail.

Monday:

“I learned about sex-linkage, Thomas Hunt Morgan and his fruit flies, double cross-overs, and genetic mapping. I really enjoyed learning about Morgan and the fruit flies; it’s very interesting how the traits skipped generations and only showed up in the males. I think that would be a very interesting experiment to do myself! Maybe some other time I’ll do something like Mendel and his peas.”

Sex-Linkage: This was probably one of my favorite subjects. Bare with me: I need to explain quite a bit.

People usually have 46 chromosomes. 23 from your mom, and 23 from your dad. Each of your parents give you 22 non sex determining chromosomes, and 1 sex determining chromosome. Your mom can only give you an X because, of course, she will have XX chromosomes. Your dad can give you either an X or Y chromosome. If he gives you an X chromosome, your are a girl. If he gives you a Y, you are a boy.

Now that we have that covered, I can teach you about sex linkage. Have you ever heard about Hemophilia? It is a mutation in the X chromosome where the blood is unable to clot properly. Approx. 1 in 7000 men will have Hemophilia, and about 1 in 4,000,000 (million!) women. Why is this? The Hemophilia mutation is recessive, meaning that if there is a dominant trait it will be overridden. For example: A woman is a carrier for Hemophilia and has a baby with a man who has Hemophilia. That woman can either give the baby an X chromosome WITH the mutation or one without. The man can only give an X or a Y. Neither of them have the Hemophilia mutation. If the man gives the X chromosome to the child and the woman gives the child her mutated X chromosome, the girl will be a carrier. She can clot her blood without a problem, but could potentially have a Hemophilic child. But if the child was a boy, and the woman gave him a mutated X chromosome, he would have Hemophilia. This is because the Y chromosome can’t have the Hemophilia mutation and therefore can’t do anything to stop it. Men only need one X chromosome with the mutation, and women need both of their X chromosomes to have the mutation. The latter is highly improbable, resulting in practically no women having the mutation. And TA-DA! Sex-Linkage.

Thomas Hunt Morgan and his fruit flies: Thomas Hunt Morgan was an embryologist who had turned to research in heredity. In 1907 he began breeding the common fruit fly. He was hoping to discover large-scale mutations that would represent the emergence of new species. In 1910 he saw that one of the fruit flies had white eyes. He bred this mutant fly with a normal, red eyed female. The F1 generation were all normal. He then bred the F1 generation to produce F2 and one fourth of F2 had white eyes! One interesting thing about this is that only the males had white eyes; never the females. Here are some pictures to help explain it (from the Khan Academy article I learned about this from)

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Last Blog of the School Year

This, as you probably read, is my last blog of the school year. I decided that I’m going to go back on my blogs, choose some of my favorite, and post a link to them here with a smaller description. That way I can more easily incorporate my entire 2015-16 school year into this one blog post.

Charlotte History Museum: September 18th, 2015

I remember that this was a whole lot of fun. I’ve been wanting to go back there, but we just haven’t made it happen. Hopefully we can go back next year.

 

The Hunger Games: October 7th, 2015

I was obsessed with this book series for a while. I would dream that I was in the Hunger Games, read it almost every day with Charlotte, and talk about it all of the time. It’s grown old for me now but I still enjoy the movies. #TeamGale

 

Bald Head Island: November 20th, 2015

This is one of my more random blogs. The Bald Head Island trip was actually a bit more disappointing than I made it sound. I said that the hike was still fun? It was actually pretty boring. The squid dissection was fun, though. I also wrote about the Amy Steinberg Performance! That was a big highlight of the year. We worked on it for 8 long weeks before we were ready to perform. We had a pretty big audience considering our small school. No disappointment there.

 

Urban Ministry: December 18th, 2015

This was a pretty fun trip. I never did end up going back there besides delivering deodorant one time. I would like to volunteer when I’m older, though.

 

Biztown Happened!: February 5th, 2016 (actually happened on January 21st)

I pretty much cover all of my feeling about this in my blog. For an update we still haven’t gone back, but I hope we can figure something out for next year.

 

Friendship Trays: February 12th, 2016

We did this for a few weeks afterwards! We didn’t start up again after Spring Break, but this is definitely something I would love to do again.

 

Drawing Portraits!: February 19th, 2016

This was a lot of fun. I never did finish drawing everyone on the team, or even a 5th player, but I might finish up someday.

 

My haircut!: February 26th, 2016

This isn’t really about school, but this was a big part of my year in general. I’m still as curly as ever 😉

 

Braces!: April 8th, 2016

This also doesn’t really have to do with school, but oh well. Yes, 2 months later and I STILL have braces. Shocker.

 

Natalie’s Farm Trip!: May 10th, 2016

This was SO much fun! I would really like to go back sometime. Maybe even for a weekend or something.

 

Writer’s Workshop Project: May 20th, 2016

Writer’s Workshop was such a big part of my year. It helped me improve with my writing and I’m getting better every day.

 

And last, but certainly not least…

Washington D.C. and Annapolis: May 30th, 2016

This was an amazing trip. I enjoyed this far more than any of my other trips with school! I can’t wait to go on a trip somewhere else next year. I didn’t finish this post, so here is the short version: We just happened to see the Blue Angels do formations, then we got stuck in terrible traffic for 2 hours on a 20 minute drive, then we ate food and left the next morning.

 

I had such an amazing school year and can’t wait for 2016-17 to start!

See you until August.

P.S. Today I got pedicures with Kristine and Melissa because why not.

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Washington D.C. and Annapolis

This week Nancy (@nancy), Tomis(idk), Gabe(idk), Liberty(@libby), Will(idk), Andrew(@ALObob), Kate(idk), Tessa(@tessaO), Louisa(@TheMuffinMan ?), Caleb(idk), Jackson(idk), Elisha(@AnimalFreak9), and I went to Washington DC! It was so fun and I can’t wait to go somewhere else next year.

We were supposed to get to Nancy’s house at 8:00am, but I ended up getting there at approximately 8:21am. This was because my braces (Click HERE to see my “Braces!” post), or more specifically my archwire, was poking into my cheek. When I say poking into my cheek, I mean bent to a FISH-HOOK shape and fish-hooking my CHEEK.

Anyways, I had to go to the orthodontist at 7:30am to get it fixed. I woke up at 5:30 to make sure I had packed everything and left my house at 7am. I went to the orthodontist and they fixed my archwire. We then got to Nancy’s house about 21 minutes late. We (Elisha and I) were the last people there and immediately loaded our stuff up into our respectable cars. I road in Milky the van and Elisha rode in Melissa’s car (it doesn’t have a nickname unfortunately). Then we were on our way!

I rode with Caleb, Jackson, Andrew, Louisa, Kate, and Nancy was driving. I sat in the passenger seat and controlled the music most of the time. Caleb, Jackson, and Kate sat in the back. Andrew and Louisa in the middle row.

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We had an interesting drive. Caleb was our entertainment. We learned that he was one of Nancy’s parakeets in his past life. He was also an ant.

We stopped at a gas station and had quite an interesting stop there. Will saw a big dagger that was completely dull and flat. He decided to call his mom and ask if he could buy it for $20, then bought it, While this was going on we were all waiting for him so that we could get back on the road. Tomis started backing up to leave when Nancy told him he was missing Will.

The drive was pretty loud and gave Andrew a bad headache and me a little headache that went away once we arrived to Nancy’s Mom’s house.

It was a pretty nice day until we got into Maryland. Then it was SO. RAINY. We were driving and it started raining so much that we could barely see out of the windshield! It started out of nowhere too. Then suddenly it stopped and it was all sunny again. If we looked back we saw a storm and if we looked ahead it was sunny. We played the quiet game soon after that. When I say “we” I mean everyone besides the noisy people.

Then we finally got to the house! Within 15 minutes of arriving we were eating amazing Vietnamese food! Hac (Nancy’s mom) was born and raised in Vietnam and escaped to America on a boat with Nancy’s 3(?) siblings. All of Nancy’s siblings are fully Vietnamese but she is half Vietnamese and half American.

The food, as I said, was amazing. Here are some pictures from dinner!

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There was a noodle dish, fried rice, and EGGROLLS! Hac’s eggrolls are famous in the Mosaic community. They are AMAZING. I would eat them all day if I could!

After dinner a bunch of kids went to the park. The park is directly behind the house but there is as giant field in the way. It would be SO awesome if there was a zipline or something from the porch to the park.

The next day we went to Washington D.C.! There were two options in the morning and two options for after lunch. Nancy would take people to the Holocaust mueseum in the morning and the Natural History Museum in the afternoon. Tomis would take people to the Native American Museum in the morning and the Air and Space museum in the afternoon. To go to the Holocaust museum we decided that you have to be 10 to go. The Holocaust museum group consisted of: Andrew, Gabe, Liberty, Elisha, Louisa, Nancy and I.

You have to buy tickets for the permenant exhibit and they were sold out, so we went to some other places. First of all, since Andrew had never heard of the Holocaust until the night before, we started off in a place about the kids. You could also interact with it a bit more than any of the other places. The exhibit was specifically about one boy named Daniel. I think he was 11 or 12. I’m not sure. He kept a diary during the Holocaust. Daniel and his family were Jewish but his father was also a war veteran with a medal for bravery. He had a sister named Erika and a mother, but I can’t remember her name.

The exhibit was set up like you were there yourself. After you watched a video you went and looked around Daniel’s house. It was pretty realistic. You could hear the family having dinner, you could go into Daniel’s room and look in his drawers. Pages from his diary were put everywhere. I didn’t read all of them because it would have taken so long. This is before many changes happened in Germany and other places.

Then you walked through the streets and saw “Jews Only” or “No Jews or Dogs Allowed” signs everywhere. There was a jews only bench and shops that had the signs prohibiting them from entering. We saw Daniel’s father’s shop and the broken glass windows. There were pieces of fabric hanging off of hooks that looked like they had been ripped off and taken. There were also pictures of people wearing the patches with “Jew” or “Jude” written on them. There were pages of Daniel’s diary everywhere here too.

After walking through the streets we saw the family’s bags packed. Daniel’s family was being forced one of the ghettos. You could look inside Daniel’s little sister’s bag and see a dress and doll. Then we walked through a ghetto. The ghetto was for people who were Jewish but a bit too important to go straight to a concentration camp. Daniel’s father earned them that with the medal of bravery.

The family lived in a tiny house and were forced to work all day. I specifically remember that Erika worked with fabric because she would sneak little bits of it back home to sew together. Each week the family had one loaf of bread and cabbage and water soup per week. You could look at the cabbage and water soup. It looked absolutely barf worthy.

Before long his family was at a concentration camp. Erika and his mother were separated from Daniel and his father. They never saw each other again. Daniel worked all day every day. He had barely any food and people were dying all around him all the time. He shared a bunk with I believe 8 other men.

But Daniel and his father survived! At the end there was another video. Then you could write a letter about how you felt then put it in Daniel’s mailbox.

There was another exhibit that had some artifacts, videos, pictures, etc. There was also a part where you can write your feelings about a picture then email it to yourself (or in some of the kids’ cases, their parents). We saw a bunch of tiles painted by kids. Some had really amazing art on them! A lot of the pictures were about how or why we can never repeat the Holocaust.

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Then we went to join the other kids at a group of food trucks!

I got tamales and they were good and very spicy. I also got icecream, Tessa’s leftover pasta, Jackson’s leftover icecream, and the rest of his sprite as well. I ate a lot.

Afterwards we all walked to the Natural History Museum! This was fun, but I went to the exhibit I already had seen and nothing new. That was a bit disappointing. The exhibit I went to was the Mammals exhibit. There were a bunch of taxidermy-ed animals there. There were cheetahs, a porcupine, monkeys, apes, buffalo, even a koala! I really enjoyed the koala because of how strange its feet are. This is just a picture off of the internet, but you get the idea.

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Overall, it was a really fun day in DC!

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The next day we went to Annapolis and Eastport. First, we went to the Hammond-Harwood House. The house was so beautiful! The house was built right after the American Revolution. One of my favorite things was seeing the 18th century security system. They had around 5 different locks to prevent break-ins. Another super cool thing was all of the chairs. A lot of them were made by a famous carpenter named John Shaw. The backs were beautifully carved and were preserved so well because you used to never relax onto a chair back. You would sit up straight, thus preserving the impressive backs.

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Another interesting thing is that the guest room would usually be the most (or close to) expensive and decorated room in the house. The was to impress guests, regardless if they were staying or not. If they weren’t then the room was used for tea or something of the sort. This room had such impressive furniture, crown moldings, and fabrics! Especially fabrics.

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One big focus that house builders/owners had was the crown molding (the designs that connect the ceiling to the walls. In rooms that guests would be in the crown molding was amazing! Lots of layers and designs. For example: The entryway had impressive molding, but the guest room had crown molding 10 levels above the entryway! The dining room molding was also impressive and interesting to look at, but the bedrooms barely had any at all. This was because guests generally wouldn’t ever go into the home owners’ bedrooms or private area.

We also toured the slave quarters/kitchen. Since kitchens regularly burned down, or at least had fires, they were separated from the rest of the house. It was much easier to rebuild a small kitchen than to rebuild your whole entire house.

There was an African superstition that said if you put a shoe a shoe in the attic of the house then no witches or bad spirits can get it. We got to pass around a shoe that was found in the attic of the house.

Another interesting thing was the spice cabinet. There was a cabinet that was always locked back in the 18th and 19th century. The mistress of the house carried the key with her, so whenever the slaves needed spices to cook with she would unlock the cabinet and get the spices for the slaves. This was because spices were so expensive. If a robber came into the house, it would be locked up. This was also to keep slaves out of using spices when they weren’t needed.

After the tour we did a few activities. We traced, designed, and colored our own chair. Then we made our own sashays. Sashays are pouches filled with lavender. People used to bathe every month, and sometimes even every two months. This meant that everybody stunk a lot. Women would have sashays tied around their neck or tied onto their wrist. That way if somebody smelled especially bad they could casually smell their wrist.

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Natalie’s Farm Trip!

This week @nancy , @libby , @animalfreak9 (Elisha), and I all went to Natalie’s farm. Natalie (well, really her mom Alex) has four horses. Tally, Spruce, Shakespear, and Almond. NOTE: When I say “we” I mean Nancy, Liberty, Elisha and I. Possibly Alex and Natalie as well. Just pay attention and you’ll understand just fine.

On Tuesday after Elisha and I had coding class, we all went to start our drive. The drive was about two hours. On the way we stopped at Chic-Fil-A for dinner. Elisha got herself and I SMALL icecreams. Chic-Fil-A’s icecreams turn out to be really big. So we all shared two icecreams (besides Nancy). Then we drove and drove until we got to the farm! Nancy and Liberty slept outside in a tent, The rest of us (including Natalie) slept on the floor in the living room. We were going to sleep in Natalie’s bedroom but it was super hot up there. Her room is essentially the attic of an old house (it’s CONNECTED to the barn. Natalie’s window is a view to the barn. I assume that’s old). It doesn’t have any air conditioning and with three bodies inside it would of possibly roasted us during the night. Therefore we opted to sleep downstairs.

 

After deciding where we would sleep all of the kids went to say hi to the horses. All of Natalie’s horses are retired racehorses. Tally (Tallahassee Star was his racing name) is the biggest, and he is 22. He’s also top in pecking order (he’s the president). Next in pecking order is Spruce (vice president). He is 26 years old and his long name is pronounced Spruce-kip-aid. Third in pecking order is Shakespeare. He is maybe 16-21? I can’t remember right now. Then there’s Almond. She is the only girl, only 10 years old, and the lowest in pecking order. Basically she gets pushed around a bunch. They stayed out in a paddock overnight.

 

Before bed we all sat in the living room at talked. Some of us had a snack. I really liked petting one of their dogs; Jennifer. I can’t remember how old they said she was, but from ages 10-15. She’s medium sized so she was much older than a young dog that age. Their other dog is a 4 year old chihuahua; very different. His name is Felipe and he didn’t like any of us very much. After an hour or two we all started going to bed.

 

I fell asleep by 11:30 because I was soo tired and I ignored Elisha and Natalie talking. Apparently a bright light was shone in my eyes to see if I was asleep. I don’t understand what was going through their minds when that happened.

 

We all woke up from 6:30-6:45, me being the latest to wake up at 6:45. Right away, in my pajamas we all got a horse on our own (the adults stayed back and made breakfast because they’re awesome like that). I got Spruce, Natalie got Tally, Elisha got Shakespeare, and Liberty got Almond. We led them all with halters and leads to their stalls. At 8:00am the farrier came. (And here is where the bunches of pictures start).

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The horse’s hooves are made of the same material that your nails are made of, and they grow just like ours. The farrier takes off the horseshoe and puts it to the side. Then he goes and clips the hooves! The result? a giant version of a toenail clipping. From each hoove. Then he files the hooves down a bit. He didn’t talk to us at all during it, so I don’t really know why. But he did. If he needed to then he cleaned the hoove before seeing if he had to reshape the shoe. If he did then he hit it with a hammer and used something that made sparks fly everywhere. Once the hoove was ready the farrier held the shoe up to the hoove. He tooks nails and a hammer and hammered the shoe on. This doesn’t hurt, though, because the hooves are just giant nails that don’t have feeling in them. After that the farrier files the hoove one more time. He farrier-ed 16 hooves that morning!

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Everyone got bored and Elisha and Natalie went and played inside. Nancy, Liberty and I all went on an exploration. Natalie’s property consists of some wooded land around a creek. We took some pictures and had an awesome time! Though for quite a bit of it we weren’t even in Breedan territory.

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As you can see I almost fell into water more than once on more than one occasion in more than one kinds of water.

When we returned the farrier was STILL working on the horses!

After the farrier came and left, we led the horses back to the paddocks. I took Spruce back. Nancy didn’t get a picture of me leading Spruce, but she did get these.

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After that we just hung out. I got into my day clothes and changed out of my pajamas. We all changed, brushed teeth, stuff like that. We also put together a puzzle, Nancy gave LIberty henna, and I colored a fox in Natalie’s coloring book.

 

At 11:00 the dentist came! This was awesome and by far the best part of the trip (hence it being the whole point we came there). The dentist was SO nice. He had 11 year old and 12 year old girls and was super friendly.

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What horse dentists do is file down the teeth.

I know that sounds absoloutely and totally disgusting and painful, but trust me, it’s for the good of the horse. Since horses chew in a circular motion instead of an up and down motion, they wear their teeth sort of pointy. This makes it much harder more painful for them for them to chew food. Filing the tooth allows for the horse to eat much easier.

To put his hand in the horse’s mouth, he gives them a shot. He injects sedative into a blood vessel in the horse’s neck. This way they’ll be calmer and won’t get all riled up. Next the dentist put a special halter that holds the horse’s mouth open enough for the hand and arm to go in. The horse’s mouth goes all of the way to where the eyes are! The tounge is a spiral shape too. It aids in getting the food to the back of the mouth.

We also learned the following:

  • Female horses have 36 teeth, and males have 40. This is because in the wild the males are the protectors of the herd and they have sharp two pairs of canine teeth that can bite flesh.
    • Horses can only open their mouths 2-3 inches on their own, at least for an extended amount of time. That’s why they feel sore on their face after dentist appointments; they aren’t used to having their mouths so far open.
    • Horse teeth stink. Badly. SUPER. DUPER. HORRIFICALLY BADLY.
    • Just kidding they aren’t that bad. But sometimes they can be deadly stinky.
    • A lot of people ask why their horses need dentist appointments if they don’t have them in the wild? The dentist said that yes, horses in the wild don’t have dentist appoinments. But they also die much sooner than horses with care from humans.

Tally did pretty well in his appointment. He wasn’t the best of the four but Alex said that it was the best he had ever done. Spruce was also pretty calm from what I remember (the details are starting to fade; it’s been a week and a half). But Spruce had something special! He got a tooth pulled! Horses naturally lose teeth as they get older. Spruce, being 26, was at high time to lose a tooth.

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Shakespeare was the best (at least in the beginning). He was so good that the dentist let us put our hands in his mouth! He had been eating and so there was a bunch of chewed up food in his mouth which was pretty gross. We felt the tounge moving too! After we all put our hands in the mouth Shakespeare reared up in his stall. Probably because he was extra sore from us all putting out hands in and it taking longer than usual.

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Lastly was Almond. She was just fine.

At the end of all of the appointments the dentist squirted water into the horses’ mouths. This got all extra tooth-dust (tooth equivalent of saw dust) and any blood. All of the horses had blood but it looked like a lot more than it was because it was mixed with water. They were all normal.

Then the dentist left. We had to eat quickly and say goodbye to the horses. Then we packed up and left!

P.S

I forgot to post my reflection paper from two-three weeks ago so here is what I said

 

I took care of my:

physical needs

mental needs

was happy with what I did

was happy with everything

everything 5/5

Then I said that I liked writing

That I didn’t like being sick

and that I looked forward to writing (which I have done none of since then)

 

Goodbye.

Braces!

I got braces on Wednesday! I thought I would write about how they put them on and how it felt like when they were doing it.

First of all, they brushed my teeth like they always do at appointments. With that electric brush and gross toothpaste that they try to make taste good. Along with not putting that spit-sucking tube in your mouth even close to often enough.

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Next, they put this massive plastic pink thing in my mouth. It poked me in two different places.Braces2

They painted a bunch of “soap” and sprayed a bunch of disgusting smelling/tasting air onto my upper and lower teeth, and my tounge. Finally, after spraying and cleaning and wiping off it was time to glue the brackets to my teeth! I’m not sure how they actually did it, but I think they put glue on my tooth, and then put a bracket on top with tweezers. This process took quite a while and I got super duper bored.

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When she finished with the brackets I went to the sink to rinse. I could feel them, but they didn’t hurt or feel bad. They just felt different. Before the brackets have O-Bands/the colors they look like this, and this is what I saw when I looked into the mirror.

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Then I went back and they took out my space maintainer that I have had for over (I think) 2 years. That looked like this:

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It really didn’t hurt like it did when I got my palate expander out, which looks like this:

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Now it was time to fit the bands around my teeth. This didn’t really hurt that much, but it was uncomfortable and it wasn’t very fun at all. Not that anything that day at the orthodontist was fun at all. The bands are pretty much just metal bands that fit around your molars pretty tightly to keep your wire in you mouth. They are the same things that kept my palate expander and space maintainer in. You can see them in the pictures on the molar teeth.

Putting the wire on poked a bit because what they do is the put the wire in little part of the brackets (not sure how this works) and then they can cut it after. But not before. So basically I had a big wire poking into the sides of my mouth while they were I guess kind of threading the wire through my brackets. Then they could trim it. The wire wasn’t that bad, though, because it’s pretty flimsy and obviously made to go into peoples’ mouths.

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This is what they look like without color. I can’t remember if it was before they put on the colors or after when they tightened the wire up or something. Let’s just say that next they let me choose which color I wanted. I was stuck between green and teal.Braces3braces1

I finally chose teal because I can choose another color when I go back in two months. Finally! My braces were all on and they didn’t feel too weird. This is what they looked like! braces11

 

And that’s the end!

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Urban Ministry

This week at school almost everybody went to a place called Urban Ministry. Urban Ministry is really close to school, inside of an old trainstation. The train goes RIGHT next to it still, just doesn’t stop. I suppose you’re wondering what on earth I’m talking about.

Urban ministry is a place for the homeless population of Charlotte, NC. Every single day they serve lunch to anybody who comes. They don’t question you if you are in a difficult situation or not. Sometimes construction workers go there for break because there is construction happening really close. The lunch that they serve are sandwhiches and soup; but two days out of the week there is a hot meal which can be grilled chicken or meatloaf and potatoes. They don’t have soup or sandwhiches those days. They rely on people’s donations to give food out to the people who come. At school we made 73 meat and cheese sandwhiches, which probably fed around 37 people that day. (That’s a palindrome!! 73 37)

Another thing that Urban Ministry does is they have little free apartments for people to live in while they get back on their feet. To be eligible you have to be chronically homeless. That means that you have to of been homeless multiple times in the last four years OR have been homeless for more than a year; showing that you really need help starting over. I think she said that you also have to have a disability; wether it’s a physical disability or a mental one.

My favorite part of the trip was seeing the wall of art. There is a concrete retaining wall that’s pretty high up, and they have paint set up beside it. Anyone can come and create art on it who want to. There were some really amazing and talented artists that painted a lot. The woman who gave us the tour said that there was a man who found a home from painting. He remembered how he painted with his grandmother and found contact with her. He moved in with her while he found a job.

They also had a free phone service. Anyone can go and make a call for free.

There are counseling services provided, also for free (If you haven’t noticed, everything is for free). Some people go for job counseling, they work on their resumes and the counselors help them get a job. There’s also drug and alcohol addiction therapy in the upper floor of the counseling area, but that was off limits and we didn’t get to see it.

There is an art room which doubles as a meeting room. When we went there we had to be quiet and we had to go fast because there was a meeting happening. But there was so much artwork on the walls! A lot of these people are really talented and their art was beautiful. My favorite was a lion, it was really detailed. I think she said that every year they have an art show where they sell the art and raise money.

They also provide laundry and showers, but only for people above 18. They said that kids couldn’t shower because of privacy reasons, but I think that they should have maybe a private shower for people under 18. If I was homeless and my mom and dad could shower, I wouldn’t want to be dirty all of the time. I would want to be able to shower too, and I usually don’t mind being all dirty at all.

The last, and certainly not least, was the garden. They garden was full of food that anyone can pick and eat, as long as it’s ripe. A lady there told us something about someone taking vegetables home and canning them, then bringing it back. I’m not sure. The lady who showed us everything said that the soups usually have food from the garden in them.

Everything is run by volunteers and donations. If nobody bothered to help and if nobody gave their time then this could never happen. Urban Ministry predicts that they can end chronic homelessness by December of next year.

And that, my friends, is my in depth blog post for this week.